Human beings are all unique; yes we are currently available in all manner of shapes and sizes. You get the overweight endomorphs, the skinny ectomorphs and, sure, everyone is jealous of those athletic mesomorphs! Check out the body build of athletes competing in different sports; look at your tall, slender, long jumper compared to your powers, often squat 100 meter sprinter. The same goes for folks who wish to alter their body build with muscle – it’s all down to their basic shape of how their training will commence and develop.
We don’t have much control over our body build… It’s inherited by us in our genes. Our build can be broken down into three rather separate categories. We will initially deal with body type. This is where we categorize a persons external features as either muscular, bony, angular or fat. Next we have a persons body size. Here our body proportions are analyzed by a height to weight ratio comparison. Finally, we tackle body composition. We often remember our parents or grandparents describing us as ‘big or small-boned’ when in effect they are referring to the fat and muscle content that make up our bodies.
In reality very few of us can be categorized into any one of the three body shapes mentioned in the opening paragraph. We tend to be a combination of the three! It is a fact, however, national and international standard athletes tend to possess a greater degree of mesomorphy in their physical makeup. Bodies that are broad-shouldered, narrow-hipped with well-muscled arms and legs respond very well to physical training. They possess more explosive power in the form of fast muscle-twitch fibers which makes them excel at sprinting and contact sports like football. Those athletes that possess a more endomorphic or rounded body builds tend to have to diet when they are training to achieve a muscular body build. These types of athletes tend to excel in sports such as weightlifting.
Marathon runners, triathletes and professional cyclists tend to display the ectomorph or skinny body build. They are simply built for endurance. If you increase your muscle content you will undoubtedly change your body build. As an example, you will change your body description, type whenever you lose weight, due to your physical proportions changing (this is pretty common for people in everyday life). It is vital to understand that our body build will change as we add muscle to our frames.
By using strength training to build muscle we can drastically improve our body build. Typically, strength training consists of flexibility exercises and prolonged aerobic activity to increase our cardiovascular rate. You must use some form of weight training to enable you to alter your body build with muscle. Free weights, such as barbells and dumbbells, when used in a carefully planned training schedule will actively work the separate muscle groups. Static weight machines will also help you with this. Although every body type will benefit from altering their body build with muscle, it is our commonest group, the endomorphs or round-shaped individuals, who will witness the greatest physical achievement when their body build is altered with muscle.